Hardware synths vs software synths: which is better?

The world of the synthesizer has exploded over this century and is one of the most exciting and fast-paced ways to make music in many styles. It’s so fast moving that it’s quite hard to keep up, but there are still, broadly speaking, two main types of synths: hardware and software. 

Hardware synths themselves can be split into (at least!) two categories as well: all-in-one models and modular. The former usually (but not always) features a keyboard and all of the component parts – oscillators, filters, amplifiers and so on – to make noises. They most often have preset sounds and additional features like arpeggios, effects, on-board sequencing and many hands-on controls to shape the sound.